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Partial Dentures

Removable partial dentures are small version of actual complete dentures where only a few teeth are replaced in an arch. Partial dentures usually consist of replacement teeth, pink or gum-colored plastic bases and some clasps. Depending on your needs, the space available and position of teeth your dentist will design a partial denture for you.

Partial dentures are of 2 types:
  • Cast Partial dentures : This type of RPD has Cast metal framework and may have a metal or resin (esthetic) clasps that anchor the partial onto the teeth. Cast partials are very rigid and durable but they need strong abutment teeth (pillars) to resistant the forces. It is very important to avoid periodontally weak teeth as abutments for this kind of partial.
  • Resin base partial dentures : Resin partials do not have any metal and are completely made of resin. These partials are typically done when patient is either allergic to metal or for cosmetic (metal free smile) purposes or when the supporting teeth are periodontally very weak. Advantage with resin partials is that replacement teeth can be added to existing partial without actually doing a brand new one.
  • New partial denture may feel awkward or bulky in mouth and patients will eventually become accustomed to wearing it.
  • Inserting and removing the partial denture will require some practice.
  • Partial denture should fit into place with relative ease. Never force the partial denture into position by biting down which could bend or break the clasps.
  • Partial dentures should not be worn when going to bed, they should be removed and store under water to prevent warping or shrinkage.
  • Too much pressure on a particular area will lead to a sore spot. Your dentist will adjust the partial denture to fit more comfortably.
  • Partial denture can also help improve your speech. If you find it difficult to pronounce certain words, practice reading out loud. Repeat the words that give you trouble. With time, you will become accustomed to speaking properly with your partial denture.
  • Eating might be difficult so it is important to start with soft diet and eventually increase the consistency of the food.
Caring for your dentures
  • Denture Cleansing tablets are very useful in keeping the partial dentures clean. Do not use toothpaste since it can be too harsh for cleaning dentures.
  • When cleaning a partial denture, it’s a good idea to stand over a folded towel or a sink of water just in case you accidentally drop the denture.
  • Denture Brushes or a regular soft toothbrush is ideal for cleaning dentures because it has bristles that are arranged to fit the shape of the denture. Avoid using a brush with hard bristles, which can damage the denture.
  • Clean your dentures by thoroughly rinsing off loose food particles. Moisten the brush and apply the denture cleaner. Brush all denture surfaces gently to avoid damaging the plastic or bending the attachments.

See your dentist promptly if your denture becomes loose or needs any adjustment and maintain your regular visits, too.